Environment Issues In Pakistan

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Without neighborhood we are incomplete. All things & Life have there surrounding locality (Environments) in the universe. Environment mean neighborhood & surrounding conditions, influences, or forces, by which living forms are influenced and modified in their growth and development.  Here we discus the environment, commonly known as the natural environment, which always in human interaction between culture and nature in the natural world.

I try to highlight the importance of environment, there issues, & its effects on our life and nature, with expert’s suggestions for prevention and protections. Its totally deepen on our understanding of how humans has been affected on natural environment in the past and what results. To learn the relationships between humans and the surrounding world, we must try to understand how the interaction between these two works. In the broadest sense knowledge of environments may be defined as social practices, technological and physical arrangements future to facilitate work in partnership, decision making, inference or discovery, depending on the premises and goals.

Various historians had touched on environmental themes throughout history, but it was not recognized as a specific field. The modern environmental history becomes known in the late 1960s and early 1970s in union with the rise of environmentalism as a social movement. Climate is often measured a part of environmental history, and surely shares many areas of study. The period 1962 to 1970 observed slow grinding down in the popularity of the word "conservation," as man by himself replaced trees and wildlife as the threatened class. Overpopulation and industrialization trapped mankind in weakening environment. The damage was threatening to the very survival of man. Environmentalism gained strength as a movement dedicated to ending--and if possible--reversing this decline in the human environment.

Today’s current major environmental issues are climate change, pollution and resource reductions. The protection movement lobbies efforts to protect all sort of danger cause to any ecologically valuable natural areas. In this way environmental science & technologies helped humanity to study the interactions among the physical, chemical and biological components of the environment.

Environmental Issues in Pakistan

Environmental issues in Pakistan are many. High growing population rate, ignorance, industrialization, agriculture declining, problems are increasing and covered large size and all aspects of our life, which needs authoritative expert’s attention to be solved. There are problems like Air Pollution, Drinking water pollution, Global warming, Hazardous Waste, Ozone Depletion and many others, which makes the list endless. As globalization covers its way across the world these problems no longer remain local problems but become international issues. There are many causes of these problems, some of which are created by man and can also be controlled by man. So here we would closed our discuss some of these environmental problems in Pakistan.

Uncontrolled high population growths and poor natural resource management over many has a negative impact on Pakistan’s environment. Agriculture and other sectors will dry up as natural resources exhaust themselves, caused by ongoing deforestation. Like other developing countries Pakistan facing fast growing, wide ranging & complex environmental problems include natural hazards and disasters, power and electricity crisis, urban and industrial growth, factory and vehicle emissions have degraded air quality, polluted water supplies, waste disposal and costal & marine pollution are some of the few prominent environmental challenges faced by Pakistan. Life is drawing more and more towards misery as the citizens remain deprived of the fundamentals of life

Pertaining to environmental problems we have a large list of never-ending issues, which are effecting the development and economy of the country. Lack of planning, non serious attitude & failure of economic policies, continually brought Pakistan to environmental collapse. All over the world countries are facing one or the other problem related to environment, but Pakistan has become a hub all these unfortunately.

“The struggle to save the global environment is in one way much more difficult than the struggle to vanquish Hitler, for this time the war is with ourselves. We are the enemy, just as we have only ourselves as allies”. Al Gore

Efforts in Pakistan

Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency is an attached department of the Ministry of Environment and responsible to implement the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997 in the country. Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency also provides all kind of technical assistance to the Ministry of Environment for formulation of environment policy and programmed. Building on the Pakistan Environmental Protection Ordinance of 1983, the NCSR stipulated three goals for the country's Pakistan set three goals for the country's environmental protection efforts:

1. Conservation of natural resources

2. Promotion of sustainable development

3. Improve & manage of resources efficiency.

In addition, in 1993 Pakistan applied National Environmental Quality Standards (NEQS) (Revised in 1999) to municipal and liquid industrial effluents and industrial gaseous emissions, motor vehicle exhaust, and noise. But when new revised environmental regulations were implemented in 1999, only 3% of industries were able to pass the test for compliance.

A lack of funding is evident in Pakistan's environmental protection efforts. The World Bank's pilot programs are designed according to the objectives and strategies of Pakistan's National Conservation Strategy. However, Pakistan's previous environmental record is poor, and the country has not been able to back up its commitment to environmental protection with action. It is clear that Pakistan will need to place greater emphasis on environmental protection in order to stem the country's environmental degradation and safeguard citizens' health.

The objective of the event was to develop forest resources through international competition. This activity will achieve the national objective of increasing forest and will also raise awareness among masses besides creating a soft image of the country in the world.

World Record of Maximum Plantation in a Single Day

In view of global significance of mangrove forests, particularly in the context of the Tsunami of 2005, the GWR event was held in the Mangrove areas on the coastal islands of Sindh, which are presently devoid of vegetation. The specific site of the event was at Katti Bander in Thatta district, some 150 KM in the South East of Karachi. This is in accordance with present Government’s resolve to rehabilitate Mangrove forests of Sindh by all means, in partnership with Sindh Forest Department, international and national NGOs and private sector.

During this event the Pakistan broke the earlier record of planting 447,874 trees by India in June, 2009. It’s a great victory but its dependent on continues & regular care of that trees in the future till they becomes on self grown.

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