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History of Hunza
Hunza, the valley of dreams is one of the most beautiful tourist attractions of Pakistan. Historically, it was a princely state bordering China in north-east and Pamir in north-west and is now administered by
the Gilgit administration. The ruling family of Hunza is called Ayeshe (heavenly) and the ruler was called Thum. The fair skinned and light-eyed citizen of Hunza claim to be descendants of soldiers lost from Alexander's army as he invaded India. Today the descendants of the ruling family are known as Soori. The valley is also host to the ancient watch towers, Baltit Fort whose wooden bay windows look out over the valley and Altit Fort which have high historical values attached to them.
Climate of Hunza
The temperature ranges from 14 - 27 °C in May and 10 – (-) 10 °C in October. Hunza's tourist season is from May to October because snow blocks the access to this area in winters. Hunza is a visitor paradise with narrow valleys surrounded by snow – capped mountains and serves as the best place to view the magnificent Rakaposhi Mountains 7,788 m, Ultar Sar 7,388 m, Bojahagur Duanasir II 7,329 m, Ghenta Peak 7,090 m, Hunza Peak 6,270 m, Darmyani Peak, and Bublimoting (Ladyfinger Peak) 6,000 m.
Hunza is 100 km from Gilgit and mostly tourist use the 2-3 hour by hiring buses, private cars and jeeps. Hunza can also be approached by Kashgar – China as there is a regular bus service from Kashgar to Hunza or else trekking in the valley or a 2 hour car drive can also be made to Hunza from Kashgar. The routes are open only in summer and spring.
Geographically the valley is situated at an elevation of about 2,500 m (8,200 ft) and provides the quickest access to Swat and Gandhara for a person traveling on foot. In 1970s with the construction of karakoram highway the access to Hunza was established.
Routes to Hunza and Transportation
In winters all routes to Hunza are closed due to snowfall. The local transportation within the state is done through private vehicles and renting jeeps is the most common and cheapest way to see the entire place. Traveling up the Karakoram Highway different beautiful sceneries keep on revealing and we can spot the 65 km long Batura glacier, the second longest in Pakistan. On reaching Sost we turn west to witness the mystic beauty of Chipursan valley that homes some of most exotic tourist spots in the area. In Yarzerech we can have a look at the majestic Kundahill peak 6,000 m. Beyond Yarzerech one can travel further to Lupghar, Raminj, Reshit, Yishkuk up to the shrine of Baba-e-Ghund, a saint from Afghanistan near the border between Pakistan and Wakhan region of Afghanistan.
Languages Spoken in Hunza
Languages spoken in Hunza are unrelated to any other language known to man. Most of the people of Hunza are Islamili Muslims, followers of His highness the Agha
Khan. The local language is Brushuski but Urdu and English are also understood by many. The people of Hunza are famous for their hospitality and friendliness. Theliteracy rate of the valley is admiringly more than 90% and virtually every child of studies up to at least high school level. Many pursue higher studies from prestigious colleges and Universities of Pakistan and abroad.
Things To Do in Hunza
While in Hunza Valley, tourist can indulge in a variety of activities such as camping, swimming, hunting, trekking and hiking, mountaineering, horse riding, Skiing, hunting safari tours, fishing, Para gliding and shopping too. The valley offers a variety of local as well as continental eating options. Hunza is an exotic location for mountain adventures and photography and is a must visit tourist place in Pakistan.
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